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Home :: India Travel Guide :: History of India

History of India

The very mystique of the Indian history gets the travellers ready to pack their bags and head to the country. The wide-ranging scenery of India has, over the centuries, soaked in numerous charms. With a history dating back 5,000 years, the Indian subcontinent invites researchers, historians, scholars and holidaymakers alike. As you take a trip through the glory, turbulence and triumphs of the past, you'll discover an incredibly romantic and excitingly exotic India.

Let's acquaint ourselves, a bit, with the various stages of Indian history, so that when you arrive here you are able to feel the beats of India's exoticism.

Ancient India
Chandragupta Time Period CoinsThe ancient history of India starts with the Prehistoric period (400,000 BC – 2,500 BC) comprising the Paleolithic Age, Mesolithic Age, Neolithic Age and Chalcolithic Age. The Vedic Age and the legendary Epic Age make the ancient history as diverse as ever. Next followed the Mauryan Dynasty (322 BC – 185 BC) which was established by Chandragupta. It was also around this time that the invasions by Bactrian Greeks, Parthians, Shakas and Kushans took place. Other major periods that constitute the ancient history include the Gupta Era (320 AD – 520 AD) and age of the southern kingdoms including the rule of Chalukyas, Pallavas and Pandavas.

Medieval India
The medieval period of the Indian history has plays a significant role in framing the fascinating history of the country. The period starts with Turkish invasions that include attacks by Mahmud of Ghazni and Muhammad Ghauri. The period between 1206 AD and 1290 AD was the era of the Slave Dynasty, established by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak. The Khiljis, the Tughlaqs and the Lodhi Sultans were the next to make a mark on the Indian soil, ruling over the country for almost three centuries. A little before the Golden Era of the South India began, two brother named Harihara and Bukka established an extensive kingdom – the Vijayanagar Empire (1336 AD – 1565 AD). Next in line was the Bahamani Kingdom (1346 AD – 1689 AD) after which arose the Mughal Dynasty with the arrival of Babur. The great rulers of the Mughal empire held the rein of Indian administration for almost 400 hundred years.

British India
Jallianwallah BaghA crucial period in the history of India began with the arrival of the Britishers here. They started with setting up spice trade centres in various parts of the country. It was during 1857 AD that the Mutiny was spearheaded by Mangal Pandey. By the end of 1858 AD, the Company Rule had already ended as the British Crown took over. Presidencies were formed and then was applied the poignant policy of 'Divide and Rule'. The British Raj in the country spanned from 1858 AD to 1947 AD. The Indian National Movement and the Quit India Movement were the weapons used to chase the Britishers away for once and all. And finally India gained her independence on 15 August, 1947.

Modern India
Right after independence, India was beset with numerous economic problems. The biggest challenge for India was to overcome the trauma of partition. A federal constitution was formed on January 26, 1950. This helped to complete the process of political integration. India took around half a century before it was truly able to find its feet. Today, after long years of attempts and efforts, India has joined the group of the nuclear powers in the world. This is also an achievement in itself that India boasts a static and autonomous economy.

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