Pradesh has played a crucial role in framing both the ancient and the
medieval history of India. Population-wise, the state has the eminence of
the being the largest in the country. The state has utmost tourist potential
in terms of architectural and religious sites, inviting travellers and
holidaymakers from all over the globe. From the Buddhist emperor Ashoka to
the Mughals, Uttar Pardesh has been witness to a number of significant
events. Cities like Agra and Varanasi make it a favoured tourist destination
Uttar Pradesh experiences a tropical kind of climate, with the exception of
the northern region. Summer extends from March till June. The maximum
temperature during this period records 45 degrees centigrade. Temperature
reaches extremity during the months of April and May. Temperature during the
winter season ranges between 12.5 and 17.5 degrees centigrade.
Important Cities & Towns
The state's cities like Agra, Varanasi, Lucknow, Mathura-Vrindavan and
Allahabad have been a big draw for tourists from far and wide. Agra is
visited due to rich Mughal architectural heritage while Varanasi, Mathura
and Vrindava are known to have major religious significance in the Hindu
mythology. Lucknow is known for its refined culture which has existed from
the period of Nawabs to this day. Other important cities of the state
include Kanpur, Meerut, Ghaziabad, Aligarh, Gorakhpur etc.
People & Culture
The people of Uttar Pradesh trace their genesis back to the Indo-Aryans. As
per the Census 2001, Hindus, 81% of the total population, form the majority.
Muslim constitute 18% of the total state population. Hindi and Urdu are the
chief spoken languages of the state. Women can be seen dressed in sarees,
salwar-kameez, ghagra-choli etc. Men wear bushirts, pants, kurtas, pajamas
Famous Travel Attractions
Pradesh offers multiple reasons to make you plan your trip to this part.
Agra, still exuding the medieval charm, has such famous attractions as the
Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Itimad-ud-Daulah's Tomb and Sikandra. Besides, you can
also make a trip to the deserted city of Fatehpur Sikri, Just 40 km from
Agra. The ancient temples, ghats and the sacred Ganges at Varanasi draw a
good number of tourists and pilgrims alike. Close to Varanasi lies Sarnath
where Buddha delivered his first discourse after he attained enlightenment.
Allahabad should be visited for its sanctified Sangam the confluence
of holy rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati. And a spiritual trip to India
can never be complete without your visit to Mathura-Vrindavan, the
birthplace of Lord Krishna.
Air/ Rail/ Road Links
The state has public airports in the cities of Agra and Varanasi,
connecting to the key destinations of the country. However, the Indira
Gandhi International Airport of Delhi serves as the nearest international
airport from most of the state's cities. Kanpur, Allahabad, Gorakhpur,
Aligarh and Varanasi serve as the major railheads of the state. The
rail-routes connect the state to all the major destinations of the country
through regular mail and express trains. UPSRTC runs regular buses
throughout the state and connecting to the neighbouring states like Himachal
Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.