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Home :: India Travel Guide :: Climate of India

Climate of India


Owing to the varied topography of India, from one point to the other, the climatic conditions are difficult to be generalised. The Himalayas in the extreme north and the Thar Desert in the west have considerable influence on the Indian climate. The climatic difference between the state of Jammu and Kashmir and the Deccan Plateau of the south are easily noticeable.

India has three distinct seasons as follows :
Summer - March to June
Rajasthan Desert in Summer>The span of the summer season slightly differs in different zones of the country. For instance, summer in northwestern India extends from April to July whereas for the rest of the, the period is from March till June. The northern part of the Indian subcontinent experiences a rise of temperature as the rays of the sun reach the Tropic of Cancer. The western and the southern regions of India show the maximum temperatures in the month of April. However, May happens to be the hottest month for the northern parts. A major portion of the interior India records a maximum temperature of 40 degrees centigrade. There are some parts where the maximum shows 49 degrees centigrade or even higher.

During this period tourists can be seen flocking to places that lie at high altitudes. You can choose to go the hills in the Himalayas or the Nilgiri ranges where the summer temperature is around 25 degrees centigrade.


Monsoon - June to October
MansoonAfter the scorching summer months, the monsoons bring a lot of relief for people. Soon with the arrival of rains, the countryside seems to present a new scenery with lush greenery all around. The monsoons can be segregated into the Bay of Bengal branch and the Arabian Sea branch. It is to be noted that around 80% of the country's total rainfall depends on the southwest summer monsoons. Rains begin to hit the country by the end of May. The active weather system and the intense heating in the Bay of Bengal give rise to cyclones that generally affect the coastal states of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and West Bengal.

During monsoons, making a trip to the southern parts of India is termed as beneficial for those who wish to get themselves the healing touch of Ayurveda. The clean and cool air and the lush greenery lead to excellent results. Apart from that, during this period, the pores of the body remain open and are more receptive that ever.


Winter - November to March
Snow Fall in Kashmir>As the monsoons settle, the temperature across the country begins to fall. The months of December and January happen to be the coldest during the season. In the aforementioned months, the mean temperature in the northwest and the Himalayan region record 10 to 15 degrees centigrade. In the eastern and the southern parts, the mean temperature hovers between 20 and 25 degrees centigrade. In October and November, the sky is cloudless in the northwestern India. A cooler weather can be noticed in the southern parts including states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. Snowfall can be experienced in the hill towns of the Himalayas. The coastal area remain warm while the Nilgiri Ranges (southern part), show temperatures below freezing point.



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