Climate of India
Owing to the varied topography of India, from one point to the other, the
climatic conditions are difficult to be generalised. The Himalayas in the
extreme north and the Thar Desert in the west have considerable influence on
the Indian climate. The climatic difference between the state of Jammu and
Kashmir and the Deccan Plateau of the south are easily noticeable.
India has three distinct seasons as follows :
Summer - March to June
span of the summer season slightly differs in different zones of the
country. For instance, summer in northwestern India extends from April to
July whereas for the rest of the, the period is from March till June. The
northern part of the Indian subcontinent experiences a rise of temperature
as the rays of the sun reach the Tropic of Cancer. The western and the
southern regions of India show the maximum temperatures in the month of
April. However, May happens to be the hottest month for the northern parts.
A major portion of the interior India records a maximum temperature of 40
degrees centigrade. There are some parts where the maximum shows 49 degrees
centigrade or even higher.
During this period tourists can be seen flocking to places that lie at high
altitudes. You can choose to go the hills in the Himalayas or the Nilgiri
ranges where the summer temperature is around 25 degrees centigrade.
Monsoon - June to October
the scorching summer months, the monsoons bring a lot of relief for people.
Soon with the arrival of rains, the countryside seems to present a new
scenery with lush greenery all around. The monsoons can be segregated into
the Bay of Bengal branch and the Arabian Sea branch. It is to be noted that
around 80% of the country's total rainfall depends on the southwest summer
monsoons. Rains begin to hit the country by the end of May. The active
weather system and the intense heating in the Bay of Bengal give rise to
cyclones that generally affect the coastal states of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa,
Tamil Nadu and West Bengal.
During monsoons, making a trip to the southern parts of India is termed as
beneficial for those who wish to get themselves the healing touch of
Ayurveda. The clean and cool air and the lush greenery lead to excellent
results. Apart from that, during this period, the pores of the body remain
open and are more receptive that ever.
Winter - November to March
the monsoons settle, the temperature across the country begins to fall. The
months of December and January happen to be the coldest during the season.
In the aforementioned months, the mean temperature in the northwest and the
Himalayan region record 10 to 15 degrees centigrade. In the eastern and the
southern parts, the mean temperature hovers between 20 and 25 degrees
centigrade. In October and November, the sky is cloudless in the
northwestern India. A cooler weather can be noticed in the southern parts
including states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka and Andhra
Pradesh. Snowfall can be experienced in the hill towns of the Himalayas. The
coastal area remain warm while the Nilgiri Ranges (southern part), show
temperatures below freezing point.