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Home :: India Destination :: Delhi :: Red Fort
Red Fort

Red FortSituated in Old Delhi, or Purani Dilli (As it is locally called), the Red Fort is one of the most invincible structures of the country. The fort, built by emperor Shah Jahan, establishes the supremacy of the Mughal Dynasty even today. Despite being attacked by the Persian emperor Nadir Shah and by the British troops during the Independence Struggle of India in 1857, the fort stands as tall as ever. The fort complex houses a number of exquisite buildings including palaces, courtyards, mosques and gardens.

The stunning design and the wonderful planning of the fort structures had been envisaged by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan when he decided to replace his earlier capital Agra with the new one at Shahjahanabad (the area corresponding to the walled city of Old Delhi). The emperor was in fact in search of a place on the banks of the Yamuna. A place that had a commanding position and afforded the view of the whole city. And he rightly chose the site where the Red Fort stands today. He began the construction back in 1639 and it was finished in 1648.

The imposing structure of the Red Fort can make you reminisce the glorious days of the Mughal era even at first sight. The scale on which the fort has been built, the detailed works of art and the systematic architecture speak of the Mughal architectural opulence. It is huge walls of red sandstone after which the fort is named.

The Delhi Gate and the Lahori Gate are the two main entrances to the Red Fort. If you are accessing the fort from the Chandni Chowk side, you will have to pass through the Lahore Gate to enter the fort complex. Among all the structure inside, the most famous ones include the Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khas, Rang Mahal and the Moti Majid.

Diwan-i-Am or the 'Hall of Public Audience' was meant for the common people. The king would listen to the issues and complaints of his subjects here. Of much interest for tourists is the Diwan-i-Khas or the Hall of Private Audience where used to be held the private meetings of the emperor. The Rang Mahal or the Palace of Colours housed the beautiful queens and mistresses of the emperor. A lotus-shaped fountain in the middle of this palace enhances the charm all the more. The Shahi Burj, the Royal Baths and the Pearl Mosque are the other attractions inside the fort.

Nearby Attractions
Humayuns TombAs you come out of the grandiose structure of the Red Fort, head straight to the Meena Bazar to soak up the medieval flavour. And then start on your leisurely stroll through the narrow streets of the Chandni Chowk and keep reminiscing the glory of the bygone eras. Remember to pick out some interesting curios and souvenirs as you move around. There are numerous other sights in the city for you to visit. The most famous include the Humayun's Tomb, Hazarat Nizamuddin's Tomb, the Purana Quila, Qutub Minar and the Jama Masjid.

Reaching There
Delhi's Indira Gandhi International Airports has connecting flights to all the major destinations of the world and the country. The airport has regular domestic flights to places like Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Cochin, Agra, Varanasi, Khajuraho, Goa, Jaipur, Jodhpur etc. There are three railway stations in the city – the New Delhi Railway Station, the Old Delhi Railway Station and the Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station. The road routes are also quite excellently established. You can avail of local buses, taxis and auto-rickshaws to reach the Red Fort from anywhere within the city.

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