not only the one-horned rhinos of Kaziranga that call for a visit to the
northeastern Indian state of Assam. It's expansive tea plantations
contribute almost 60% of the total tea produce of the country. Globally, the
state finds itself responsible for 15.6% of the world's tea production. It's
close location to countries like Bhutan and China has made it a potpourri of
numerous races and cultures. The mighty Brahamputra River predominates the
state. Assam also happens to be the easiest accessible destination in the
The hilly areas of Assam enjoy a sub-alpine climate whereas the plains have
a tropical kind of climate. Mid-May heralds the arrival of summer, which
shows a maximum temperature of 38 degrees centigrade. Winter, from October
to February, has foggy nights and early mornings. During this period,
temperature can drop down to a minimum of 6 degrees centigrade. Rains are
frequent during June.
Important Cities & Towns
Guwahati, positioned on the banks of the Brahamputra River, is the capital
of Assam. Tezpur has the eminence of being one of the most beautiful towns
in the state. It lies on the northern banks of the Brahamputra River. The
city of Digboi is known for its oil refinery which was the first to be
established by the Assam Oil Company in Asia. Another important town known
for oil refinery is Duliajan, at a distance of 15 km from Digboi. Other
cities and towns that need to be mentioned include Dibrugarh, Jorhat,
Tinsukia, Silchar, Nagaon, Lakhimpur, Nalbari, Mangaldoi, Barpeta etc.
People & Culture
has been a melting point of various ethnic groups and cultural entities. The
Brahamputra Valley can prove to be a good example of this eclectic mix.
Moving towards the south, in the Barak Valley, you will come to meet the
Bengali-speaking communities along with the tribal folks who have equally
contributed to making the culture of the state richer. The tea garden
community happens to be an assimilation of people from states like Bihar,
Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Kerala who migrated here during the British Rule.
Therefore, it is now evident that the Assamese are a mix of various ethnic
groups. Broadly speaking, the population of Assam can be classified as
tribals and non-tribal people. Assamese, Hindi and English are the major
languages spoken here.
Famous Travel Attractions
The World Heritage Sites of Manas National Park and Kaziranga National Park
are the biggest draw for tourists here. Manas is famous for tigers while
Kaziranga appears on a traveller's itinerary for its renowned one-horned
Indian rhinos. Nature lovers can also choose to spend time at Halflong, a
hill town with heart-stirring scenery. A major centre of Tantric Buddhism in
India, the Kamakhya Temple is also a major attraction for visitors to Assam.
Sibsagar and the Majuli Island are the other famous tourist attractions in
Assam. Besides, Bohag Bihu, the most significant festival of the Assamese,
proves to be window to the exotic Assamese culture.
Air/ Rail/ Road Links
The international airport of Assam is located at Guwahati. The airport at
Guwahati has regular flights from cities like Delhi (2.5 hours) and Kolkata.
The civil airports of the state are at places like Jorhat, Dibrugarh,
Tezpur, North Lakhimpur and Silchar. The operating airlines at these
airports include Air India, Indian Airlines, Sahara Airlines, Jet Airways
and Air Deccan. The state has an excellent network of both rail and road