lies in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent. The antiquity of the
state unfolds as soon as you start poring over the pages of Indian history.
The region has the eminence of being the ancient seat of power for doughty
rulers like Chandra Gupta Maurya, Bimbisara and Ashoka among others. Ancient
universities such as Vikramshila and Nalanda invited students and travellers
from across the world. Whether it's for the sake of history or Buddhist
pilgrimage, Bihar is always abounding in old-world treasures.
Summers, extending from March to June, are hot with temperature touching a
maximum of 45 degrees centigrade. May and June happen to be the hottest
months of the year. November to February is the winter time in the state.
The weather remains mildly cold during this period with temperature showing
a minimum of 5 degrees. Bihar receives a good amount of rainfall from June
till September. The ideal time to make a trip here is either
October-November or Februay-March.
Important Cities & Towns
The state of Bihar has a number of cities and towns that can be termed
significant, taking into account the various aspects they showcase or stand
for. Patna (anciently Patliputra), the state capital, was the centre of the
great Mauryan empire. The state has been divided into nine divisions
including Patna Division, Tirhut Division, Saran Division, Darbhanga
Division, Kosi Division, Purnia Division, Bhagalpur Division, Munger
Division and Magadh Division. Important cities and towns of Bihar are
Bodhgaya, Rajgir, Vaishali, Champaran, Sasaram, Purnia etc.
People & Culture
of Bihar mostly depend on agriculture and trading to earn their livelihood.
Around 80% of the total population of Bihar is formed by the Hindus, the
other being Muslims, Sikhs, Jains etc. The Sikhs can be seen residing in the
urban areas whereas Christians have mostly inhabited the southern areas of
the state. The people of Bihar are fond of festivities and this definitely
shows in the fairs and festivals that they celebrate. Particularly festivals
like Holi, Dussehra, Deewali, Shivratri and Ramnavami are perfect examples
of the exuberance and the amity that the folks of the state share.
Famous Travel Attractions
Making a trip to Bihar, one gets to visit the historical remnants of the
world's earliest university which served as a great centre of learning
during the 5th and 11th centuries. For a Buddhist pilgrim, Bihar can be the
ultimate destination in the country, with numerous Buddhist antiquities
strewn from one corner to the other. Destinations such as Rajgir, Nalanda,
Bodhgaya, Patna and Vaishali are of utmost importance to those who are in
search of a true spiritual experience. Besides, the state has attractions
like the remains of the ancient Vikramshila University, Harminder Sahib,
State Museum, Sher Shah's Mausoleum etc.
Air/ Rail/ Road Links
The state has a well-operated airport at Patna, the state capital. Indian
Airlines and Sahara Airlines have regular flights from here connecting to
major destinations like Delhi, Mumbai, Lucknow and Kolkata. The airport has
connecting flights to Kathmandu (Nepal) as well. Bihar has a number of
regular mail and express trains running to its cities from different parts
of the country. National Highways 2, 23, 28, 30, 31 and 33 pass through the
state, providing an excellent road-network.